World records hottest September in history as experts issue Arctic ice warning

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The world has recorded its hottest September ever.

Surface air temperatures last month were 0.05C warmer than in 2019.

They were well above average in Europe, the Middle East, and in parts of South America and Australia.

The Siberian Arctic has also experienced unusually high temperatures.

Marina Makarova, from the Russian Hydrometeorology Center, earlier told the state-run RIA Novosti news agency: "The largest anomalies were observed in north Eurasia where temperatures exceeded the average by 5-6 degrees (Celsius) (9-10.8 degrees Fahrenheit).

"It was Russia's warmest (September) in the entire 130-year history of measurements. New temperature records were repeatedly set throughout the month there."

Experts from the EU's Copernicus Climate Change Service concluded it was the hottest September on record globally.

Monitoring by C3S also confirms that the average Arctic sea ice extent for September – the month when it is at its lowest after the summer melt before refreezing in winter – was the second-lowest recorded for the month, after 2012.

The C3S, which is implemented by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), monitors the global and European climate, producing computer-generated analyses using billions of measurements from satellites, ships, aircraft and weather stations around the world.

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Carlo Buontempo, director of Copernicus Climate Change Service at ECMWF, said: "In 2020, there was an unusually rapid decline in Arctic sea ice extent during June and July, in the same region where above-average temperatures were recorded, preconditioning the sea ice minimum to be particularly low this year.

"The combination of record temperatures and low Arctic sea ice in 2020 highlight the importance of improved and more comprehensive monitoring in a region warming faster than anywhere else in the world."

Scientists have previously warned that Russia, with its huge Arctic territories, is being badly affected by climate change.

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On June 20, a town in Siberia reportedly recorded a temperature of 38C – the hottest ever recorded above the Arctic Circle.

The reading was taken in Verkhoyansk – a town of 1,300 residents approximately 3,000 miles east of Moscow.

Average heat across Russia from January to May matched temperature predictions designed for 2100.

The unusually scorching conditions had an adverse effect on the region, with wildfires running rampant.

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